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Claustrophobia: When Small Spaces Are Scary

  • Anxiety Disorders Association of America


  • National Alliance for the Mentally Ill


  • Anxiety Disorders Association of Canada


  • Canadian Psychiatric Association


  • Alamy S, Zhang W, Varia I, Davidson JR, Connor KM. Escitalopram in specific phobia: results of a placebo-controlled pilot trial. J Psychopharmacol. 2008;22:157-161.

  • Anxiety disorders. National Institute of Mental Health website. Available at: http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/publications/anxiety-disorders/index.shtml. Accessed November 13, 2013.

  • Barlow JH, Ellard DR, Hainsworth JM, Jones FR, Fisher A. A review of self-management intervention for panic disorders, phobias and obsessive compulsive disorders. Acta Psychiatr Scand. 2005;112:272–285.

  • DeJongh A, Van den Oord HJ, Broke E. Efficacy of eye movement desensitization and reprocessing in the treatment of specific phobias: four single case studies in dental phobias. J Clin Psychol. 1999;58:1453-1463.

  • Specific phobia. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us. Updated March 13, 2013. Accessed November 13, 2013.

  • Specific phobias. National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI) website. Available at: http://www.nami.org/Content/NavigationMenu/Inform%5FYourself/About%5FMental%5FIllness/By%5FIllness/Specific%5FPhobias.htm. Updated February 2013. Accessed November 13, 2013.

  • Straube T, Glauer M, Dilger S, Mentzel HJ, Miltner WH. Effects of cognitive-behavioral therapy on brain activation in specific phobia. Neuroimage. 2006;29:125-135.

  • What is CBT? National Association of Cognitive-Behavioral Therapists website. Available at: http://nacbt.org/whatiscbt.aspx. Accessed November 13, 2013.