This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
Gum disease: what you need to know. American Academy of Periodontology website. Available at:
Updated May 2011. Accessed July 27, 2011.
Periodontal (gum) diseases. American Dental Association website. Available at:
Updated March 2005. Accessed April 23, 2009.
Periodontal (gum) disease. National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research website. Available at:
http://www.nidcr.nih.gov/DataStatistics/FindDataByTopic/GumDisease. Updated March 2011. Accessed July 27, 2011.
What is gum disease? American Dental Association website. Available at:
Published 2011. Accessed July 27, 2011.