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Smoking: Not Just Harmful to Your Lungs and Heart

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  • American Cancer Society

    http://www.cancer.org

  • American Lung Association

    http://www.lung.org

  • Canadian Cancer Society

    http://www.cancer.ca

  • Health Canada

    http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca

  • Bjartveit K and Tverdal A. Health consequences of smoking 1–4 cigarettes per day. Tobacco Control. 2005;14:315-320.

  • Health effects of cigarette smoking. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/data%5Fstatistics/fact%5Fsheets/health%5Feffects/effects%5Fcig%5Fsmoking. Updated August 1, 2013. Accessed October 30, 2013.

  • Questions about smoking, tobacco, and health. American Cancer Society website. Available at: http://www.cancer.org/acs/groups/cid/documents/webcontent/002974-pdf.pdf. Accessed October 30, 2013.

  • Smoking. American Diabetes Association website. Available at: http://www.diabetes.org/diabetes-basics/prevention/checkup-america/smoking.html. Accessed October 30, 2013.

  • Smoking. American Lung Association website. Available at: http://www.lung.org/stop-smoking/about-smoking/health-effects/smoking.html. Accessed October 30, 2013.

  • Smoking and adults. American Lung Association website. Available at: http://www.lung.org/stop-smoking/about-smoking/facts-figures/smoking-and-older-adults.html. Accessed October 30, 2013.

  • Smoking and musculoskeletal health. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Ortho Info website. Available at: http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00192. Updated May 2010. Accessed October 30, 2013.

  • Smoking and your digestive system. National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse (NDDIC) website. Available at: http://digestive.niddk.nih.gov/ddiseases/pubs/smoking/index.htm. Updated September 14, 2013. Accessed October 30, 2013.