(CD; Regional Enteritis)
|Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.|
- Family members with inflammatory bowel disease
- Jewish heritage
- A diet that is high in fat, sugar, and meat
- Abdominal cramps and pain
- Rectal bleeding
- Weight loss
- Fatigue, weakness
- Mouth sores
- Sores, abscesses in the anal area
- Your bodily fluids and waste products may need to be tested. This can be done with:
- Blood tests
- Stool tests
- Pictures of your bodily structures may need to be taken. This can be done with:
- Your rectum and colon may need to be examined. This can be done with:
- Tissue samples of your colon may need to be taken. This can be done with biopsy.
- Dairy foods due to lactose intolerance
- Highly seasoned foods
- High-fiber foods
- Aminosalicylate medicines—Such as sulfasalazine, mesalamine, olsalazine
- Anti-inflammatory medicines—Such as prednisone, methylprednisolone, budesonide
- Immune modifiers—Such as azathioprine, 6-mercaptopurine, methotrexate
- TNF inhibitors—Such as infliximab, adalimumab, etanercept, certolizumab, golimumab
- Antibiotic medicines—Such as metronidazole, ampicillin, ciprofloxacin
American Gastroenterological Association http://www.gastro.org
Crohn's and Colitis Foundation of America http://www.ccfa.org
Crohn's and Colitis Foundation of Canada http://www.ccfc.ca
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca
Crohn’s disease. EBSCO Health Library website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/healthLibrary/ . Accessed November 20, 2007.
Crohn's disease. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases website. Available at: http://digestive.niddk.nih.gov/ddiseases/pubs/crohns/index.aspx. Updated January 18, 2011. Accessed February 7, 2013.
Feldman M. Sleisenger & Fordtran's Gastrointestinal and Liver Disease. 8th ed. St. Louis, MO: Mosby; 2005.
Ferri F, ed. Ferri’s Clinical Advisor 2010. Philadelphia, PA: Mosby Elsevier; 2009.
Goroll AH, Mulley AG. Primary Care Medicine. 4th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins;2000.
Hou JK, Abraham B, El-Serag H. Dietary intake and risk of developing inflammatory bowel disease: a systematic review of the literature. Am J Gastroenterol. 2011;106(4):563-573.
Inflammatory bowel disease. American Gastroenterological Society website. Available at: http://www.gastro.org/patient-center/digestive-conditions/inflammatory-bowel-disease. Accessed February 7, 2013.
What is Crohn's disease? Crohn's and Colitis Foundation of America website. Available at: http://www.ccfa.org/what-are-crohns-and-colitis/what-is-crohns-disease/. Accessed February 7, 2013.
10/2/2009 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance. https://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us: FDA approves new drug to treat psoriasis. US Food and Drug Administration website. Available at: http://www.fda.gov/NewsEvents/Newsroom/PressAnnouncements/ucm183851.htm. Published September 25, 2009. Accessed October 2, 2009.
11/25/2013 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance. http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Khalili H, Ananthakrishnan A, et al. Physical activity and risk of inflammatory bowel disease: prospective study from the Nurses' Health Study cohorts. BMJ 2013;347:f6633.
- Reviewer: Daus Mahnke, MD
- Review Date: 09/2012 -
- Update Date: 11/25/2013 -