Carbon Monoxide Poisoning
|Carbon Monoxide Binding to Hemoglobin|
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- Motor vehicle engines that are left running inside an enclosed garage
- Any heating and cooking devices that burn coal, wood, or gas
- Barbecue grills, gas grills, or camp stoves used inside your home, garage, or basement
- Gas oven ranges used to heat your home when the power goes out
- Power generators used inside your home, garage, or basement
- Living in a cold external environment
- Having a heart or lung condition
- Rapid heart rate
- Chest pain
- Nausea or vomiting
- Shortness of breath
- Disturbed vision
- Hoarse voice
- Loss of balance
- Joint pain
- Rapid heart rate
- Numbness and tingling
- Disturbed vision
- Loss of appetite
- Disturbed sleep
- Lightheadedness or vertigo
- Memory loss
- Mood disorder and emotional distress
- Diarrhea and abdominal pain
- Reduced sex drive
- Whether symptoms come and go
- If anyone else in the household feels ill
- If you use fuel-burning appliances
- Ventilator—to assist in breathing for people in a coma, or who have serious heart or nerve involvement
- Hyperbaric oxygen therapy—a special chamber in which oxygen is given under greater pressure than normal
- Have an expert check your fireplace chimney every year. Debris can block vents, causing a build-up of carbon monoxide.
- Before the start of the heating season, have a professional check that your gas and kerosene appliances are working properly.
- Make sure all gas and combustion appliances are vented to the outdoors through pipes with no holes.
- Do not use your gas stove or oven for heating your house.
- Do not use a barbecue grill, camp stove, or unvented kerosene heater inside your house or tent.
- Do not use generators or other gasoline-powered engines indoors.
- Only buy and use equipment that carries the seal of the American Gas Association or the Underwriters' Laboratory.
- Do not rely exclusively on a carbon monoxide detector. Use one only as backup, in addition to preventive measures. Follow manufacturer's directions for installation and maintenance.
- Ask a mechanic to check your car's exhaust system every year.
- Do not run the car in the garage, especially with the door closed. Start the car and take it outside.
- Do not leave the door from the garage to the house open when the car engine is running.
US Consumer Product Safety Commission http://www.cpsc.gov
US Environmental Protection Agency http://www.epa.gov
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca
Public Health Agency of Canada http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca
An introduction to indoor air quality: carbon monoxide (CO). Environmental Protection Agency website. Available at: http://www.epa.gov/iaq/co.html. Updated March 14, 2013. Accessed December 30, 2013.
Breimer LH, Mikhailidis DP. Could carbon monoxide and bilirubin be friends as well as foes of the body? Scand J Clin Lab Invest. 2010;70(1):1-5.
Carbon monoxide poisoning. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/co. Updated October 31, 2012. Accessed December 30, 2013.
Carbon monoxide poisoning. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated October 2, 2013. Accessed December 30, 2013.
Juurlink DN, Buckley NA, et al. Hyperbaric oxygen for carbon monoxide poisoning. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2005;(1):CD002041.
Weaver LK, Hopkins RO, et al. Hyperbaric oxygen for acute carbon monoxide poisoning. N Engl J Med. 2002; 347:1057-1067.
World Health Organization (WHO) Study Group on Tobacco Product Regulation. Waterpipe tobacco smoking: health effects, research needs and recommended actions by regulators. World Health Organization website. Available at: http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/2005/9241593857%5Feng.pdf. Accessed December 30, 2013.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 11/2014 -
- Update Date: 12/30/2013 -